The Stance of Homosexuality in São Tomé and Príncipe

August 26, 2023

São Tomé and Príncipe, an island nation located in the Gulf of Guinea off the western coast of Central Africa, has a diverse cultural landscape shaped by its unique history. As societal attitudes towards homosexuality continue to evolve globally, it is important to explore the specific context of LGBTQ+ rights in São Tomé and Príncipe.

Social and Cultural Background

São Tomé and Príncipe is a predominantly Catholic country where traditional values and beliefs influence social attitudes. Historically, LGBTQ+ individuals have faced discrimination due to the societal stigma attached to homosexuality. However, it is essential to note that cultural diversity exists within the country, and acceptance towards homosexuality is gradually gaining ground among younger generations.

Legal Status and Rights

The legal framework around homosexuality in São Tomé and Príncipe is complex. Same-sex sexual activity is not explicitly criminalized, and there are no specific laws against homosexuality. However, the country lacks legislation regarding LGBTQ+ rights, including same-sex marriage or protection against discrimination based on sexual orientation.

Notably, the constitution of São Tomé and Príncipe guarantees fundamental rights and freedoms to all citizens without discrimination. Though this might suggest that LGBTQ+ individuals are protected, the absence of specific legal provisions leaves them vulnerable to discriminatory practices and attitudes.

Societal Attitudes and Progress

São Tomé and Príncipe's society is characterized by a mix of tolerance, indifference, and prejudice towards homosexuality.

Religion plays a significant role in shaping societal attitudes, particularly within Catholic communities. Traditional beliefs and conservative interpretations of religious teachings often contribute to negative perceptions of same-sex relationships. Public discussions on LGBTQ+ rights are still limited, making it challenging for advocacy groups to promote broader acceptance and understanding.

However, there has been some progress in recent years. LGBTQ+ organizations are emerging, aiming to fight discrimination and promote inclusivity. These organizations work towards educating the public, fostering dialogue, and advocating for the rights of LGBTQ+ individuals.

Challenges and Opportunities

Despite the gradual progress, challenges persist. Firstly, the lack of legal protection prevents LGBTQ+ individuals from fully enjoying their rights and exposes them to various forms of discrimination. Secondly, societal norms and deeply ingrained beliefs make it difficult for LGBTQ+ individuals to express their sexual orientation openly, leading to marginalization and exclusion.

However, there are also opportunities for positive change. The younger generation, influenced by global trends, is more open-minded and accepting. The power of education and awareness campaigns plays a crucial role in challenging prejudices and promoting LGBTQ+ rights.


The stance of homosexuality in São Tomé and Príncipe is a complex issue influenced by a variety of factors, including cultural, religious, and legal aspects. While progress has been made towards LGBTQ+ acceptance, significant challenges remain in ensuring equal rights and protections for all individuals, regardless of their sexual orientation.

Advocacy work, education, and dialogue are key to fostering a more inclusive and accepting society. Continued efforts to promote understanding, challenge stereotypes, and advocate for LGBTQ+ rights can contribute to positive change in São Tomé and Príncipe.

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