The Stance of Homosexuality in San Marino

August 26, 2023

San Marino, a small independent republic situated within Italy, has made significant progress in recent years regarding the acceptance and rights of the LGBTQ+ community. However, it is important to understand the historical and cultural context in order to have a comprehensive view of the current stance on homosexuality in San Marino.

A Historical Perspective

San Marino, established in the year 301 AD, is one of the oldest surviving constitutional republics in the world. Historically, like many other societies, San Marino had traditional values and conservative views on topics such as homosexuality.

Until relatively recently, same-sex relationships were not legally recognized in San Marino. Homosexual acts were decriminalized in 1864, but full legal recognition and protections for LGBTQ+ individuals took longer to emerge.

Recent Legal Developments

In 2016, San Marino took a significant step towards equality by passing a law that recognized same-sex partnerships and provided legal protections similar to those granted to heterosexual couples. This law granted same-sex couples the right to establish a "civil union" and enjoy certain rights such as inheritance, shared property, and healthcare benefits.

However, same-sex marriage is still not legally recognized in San Marino. The country has not yet expanded its definition of marriage to include same-sex couples, unlike several other European nations.

Societal Attitudes and LGBTQ+ Rights

While the legal landscape in San Marino has improved for the LGBTQ+ community, societal attitudes towards homosexuality can still be conservative in some segments of the population. Traditional values, influenced by religious beliefs and cultural norms, may contribute to lingering discrimination and social stigma.

Nonetheless, there are growing signs of acceptance and support for LGBTQ+ rights in San Marino. Various civil society organizations and LGBTQ+ advocacy groups actively work to promote equality, raise awareness, and combat discrimination. Pride events, public discussions, and educational initiatives have contributed to a more inclusive society.

The Role of Education and Awareness

Education plays a crucial role in shaping attitudes and fostering inclusivity. San Marino has been making efforts to ensure that LGBTQ+ issues and diversity are included in educational curricula, aiming to promote understanding, respect, and acceptance.

By addressing prejudice, challenging stereotypes, and promoting empathy, future generations can develop more open-minded perspectives and contribute to the progress of LGBTQ+ rights in San Marino.


While San Marino has made commendable progress in recognizing and protecting the rights of LGBTQ+ individuals, there are still areas that require improvement. Continuing efforts to change societal attitudes, expand legal recognition of same-sex relationships, and promote inclusivity in education are essential steps toward achieving full equality for the LGBTQ+ community in San Marino.

As a society, embracing diversity and embracing all forms of love and relationships benefits everyone. The journey towards equality is an ongoing process, but with each step, San Marino moves closer to a more inclusive and accepting society.

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