The Stance of Homosexuality in Georgia

August 26, 2023


Homosexuality, the romantic or sexual attraction between individuals of the same sex, is a topic that has been receiving significant attention and debate worldwide. Within the context of Georgia, a country located in the Caucasus region of Eurasia, the stance on homosexuality is complex and deeply rooted in cultural, religious, and political influences.

Historical Perspective

To understand the current stance on homosexuality in Georgia, it is important to delve into its historical perspective. Georgia, as a conservative and traditional society, has generally held negative views toward homosexuality. These views are influenced by the country's religious beliefs, namely Orthodox Christianity, which plays a significant role in shaping societal norms and values.

During the Soviet era, homosexuality was criminalized, and the LGBTQ+ community faced persecution and discrimination. After Georgia gained independence in 1991, there was a gradual shift towards decriminalization and certain legal protections, influenced by the country's aspirations to integrate with Western values and standards.

Current Legal Status

Despite some progress, the legal status of homosexuality in Georgia remains challenging. Same-sex sexual activity was decriminalized in 2000, but there is no legislation explicitly protecting the rights of LGBTQ+ individuals or recognizing same-sex relationships. This legal gap leaves the community vulnerable to discrimination and further stigmatization.

Additionally, Georgia has experienced setbacks in recent years. Anti-gay sentiments and conservative values have gained prominence, particularly fueled by influential Orthodox Christian organizations and their opposition to LGBTQ+ rights. Several attempts to organize Pride events in the capital city of Tbilisi have faced significant opposition and even violence, highlighting the societal challenges faced by the LGBTQ+ community in Georgia.

Social and Cultural Perspectives

Georgian society primarily adheres to traditional gender roles and family values, where heterosexuality is the societal norm. This conservative outlook often leads to a lack of acceptance and understanding of diverse sexual orientations. Homosexuality is still considered a taboo topic in many communities, leading to marginalization and discrimination faced by LGBTQ+ individuals.

Furthermore, the influence of the Georgian Orthodox Church plays a significant role in shaping public opinion. Many religious leaders actively vocalize their opposition to homosexuality, reinforcing the prevailing negative attitudes within society and making it challenging for the LGBTQ+ community to achieve acceptance and equality.

Initiatives & Progress

Despite the challenges, there are individuals and organizations working towards progressive change in Georgia. Activist groups, both within and outside the LGBTQ+ community, advocate for equality, education, and inclusive legislation. International human rights organizations also contribute to raising awareness and supporting local initiatives.

While progress has been slow, recent years have witnessed a growing visibility of LGBTQ+ issues in media and public discourse. This evolving public conversation provides hope for increased understanding, tolerance, and ultimately acceptance of diverse sexual orientations in Georgian society.


The stance on homosexuality in Georgia remains a complex issue influenced by historical, cultural, religious, and political factors. While there have been some positive developments, such as the decriminalization of same-sex sexual activity, the LGBTQ+ community in Georgia still faces significant challenges in terms of legal recognition, societal acceptance, and protection from discrimination. Efforts are being made by activists and organizations to foster change, advocating for equality and inclusion, but further progress is needed to create a more accepting and inclusive society.

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