The Stance of Homosexuality in Cyprus

August 26, 2023


Cyprus, an island country located in the Eastern Mediterranean, has a rich history and a diverse cultural fabric. As with many countries around the world, the topic of homosexuality is a relevant and often contentious issue in Cyprus.

Historical Context

Understanding the current stance towards homosexuality in Cyprus requires delving into its history. Cyprus has been influenced by various cultures and civilizations throughout the centuries, including Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman. Traditional attitudes towards homosexuality were deeply ingrained in religious and societal norms.

Until recent times, homosexuality remained largely taboo, and same-sex relationships were not widely accepted or recognized in Cyprus. Homosexual acts were considered illegal until 1998 when legislative changes decriminalized consensual same-sex sexual activity in private between adults over the age of 18.

Legal Progress

Despite the decriminalization of homosexuality, Cyprus still had a long way to go in terms of legal recognition and protection of LGBTQ+ rights. In 2014, the country's parliament passed legislation prohibiting discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation in employment, education, and other areas.

However, it was not until 2016 that same-sex civil partnerships were legalized, granting some legal recognition and rights to same-sex couples. This step was seen as a positive progression towards equality, although it fell short of allowing same-sex marriages.

Efforts for further legalization have continued, with discussions surrounding the introduction of same-sex marriage still ongoing. LGBTQ+ rights organizations and activists in Cyprus advocate for comprehensive legal recognition and protections for the queer community.

Social Attitudes

The social attitudes towards homosexuality in Cyprus have shown signs of evolution in recent years, but conservative viewpoints still persist. Public opinion remains divided, with a significant portion of the population adhering to traditional beliefs influenced by religious or cultural factors.

Visibility and acceptance of LGBTQ+ individuals have increased, particularly in urban areas and among younger generations. Pride events and LGBTQ+ organizations play a crucial role in fostering understanding and challenging societal norms surrounding homosexuality.

Challenges and Discrimination

Despite the advancements made, challenges and discrimination against the LGBTQ+ community in Cyprus persist. Hate crimes, harassment, and social stigmatization are issues that continue to be faced by queer individuals.

Transgender rights and the recognition of gender identity also pose significant challenges. Cyprus has yet to establish legal frameworks for gender recognition, making it challenging for transgender individuals to access appropriate healthcare and legal documentation.


The stance of homosexuality in Cyprus has undergone significant changes in recent years, reflecting a gradual shift towards acceptance and equality. Legal reforms and increased visibility have led to improved rights for LGBTQ+ individuals, but challenges and discrimination persist.

There is still work to be done to ensure full legal recognition and protection for the queer community in Cyprus. It is through ongoing dialogue, education, and the collective efforts of advocacy organizations, activists, and society as a whole that progress will continue to be made.

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