The National Sport of Republic of Korea

August 25, 2023

South Korea, officially known as the Republic of Korea, is a country rich in culture, tradition, and sports. One of the most profound aspects of Korean society is its unique national sport. This sport has not only gained popularity within the country but also has left a significant impact on the international sporting scene. Today, we delve into the national sport of the Republic of Korea to explore its history, rules, and the impact it has had on the Korean people.

History of the National Sport

The national sport of the Republic of Korea is Taekwondo. Derived from traditional Korean martial arts, Taekwondo has a rich history that stretches back thousands of years. The roots of Taekwondo can be traced to various forms of ancient martial arts practiced in the Korean peninsula, such as Taekkyeon and Subak.

In the 20th century, efforts were made to promote a unified form of Korean martial arts. In 1955, the Korea Taekwondo Association was established, and Taekwondo was officially recognized as the national martial art of South Korea in 1971. Since then, Taekwondo has gained immense popularity both in Korea and around the world.

Rules of Taekwondo

Taekwondo is a dynamic martial art that combines powerful kicks, punches, and defensive techniques. The sport emphasizes self-defense, discipline, and the development of the mind and body. Matches are held on a matted area called a "tatami," and competitors aim to score points by striking designated areas of their opponent's body using precise techniques.

The scoring system in Taekwondo is based on a combination of factors, such as the technique used, the area of the body targeted, and the force applied. Each successful strike earns a certain number of points, and the winner is determined based on the accumulation of these points within a set time limit.

Impact on Korean Society

Taekwondo holds immense cultural significance in Korean society. It is not just a sport, but also a way of life for many Koreans. Taekwondo promotes values such as respect, discipline, and self-control, which are deeply ingrained in the Korean culture.

Moreover, Taekwondo has become an important tool in promoting physical fitness and mental well-being among Koreans. It is widely practiced by people of all ages and has gained great popularity as a means of staying fit and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

The impact of Taekwondo extends beyond the borders of Korea. The sport has gained global recognition and has been included in major international sporting events, including the Olympic Games. The success of Korean athletes in Taekwondo has not only brought pride to the nation but also inspired countless individuals around the world to take up the sport.


Taekwondo, the national sport of the Republic of Korea, represents the rich heritage and values of the Korean people. With its origins deeply rooted in traditional martial arts, Taekwondo has evolved into a modern sport that promotes physical fitness, mental well-being, and cultural understanding.

Through its global recognition, Taekwondo has become an ambassador for Korean culture and has inspired millions of individuals worldwide. The sport's ability to instill discipline, respect, and perseverance makes it a true embodiment of the spirit of the Korean people.

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