The National Sport of Malta: A Rich History and Cultural Significance

August 25, 2023

Malta, a small archipelago located in the Mediterranean Sea, is not only known for its stunning scenery, ancient temples, and warm weather but also its national sport. The national sport of Malta holds a significant place in the hearts of the Maltese people, as it serves as a symbol of their cultural heritage, unity, and passion for sports.

The Origins of the National Sport of Malta

The national sport of Malta is a traditional game called "Il-Ġostra." Its origins can be traced back to the medieval times when knights and soldiers would participate in tournaments and competitions to showcase their physical prowess and military skills. Il-Ġostra served as a form of entertainment during celebrations and festivals, and it quickly became deeply ingrained in Maltese culture.

Understanding the Game of Il-Ġostra

Il-Ġostra is a unique sport that combines elements of equestrianism, jousting, and teamwork. The game takes place on horseback, with participants known as "gustieru" (knights) wearing full armor while holding a long wooden pole called "lanciere." The aim of the game is to knock off a small wooden shield called "berlina" from a suspended platform using the lance.

Teams of gustieri compete against each other, while spectators cheer from the sidelines, creating an electric atmosphere. The team that successfully dislodges the berlina scores points, and the game continues until a winning team is determined. Il-Ġostra requires immense skill, precision, and coordination from the gustieri, as they need to balance themselves on their horses and accurately aim their lances at the target.

Preserving Tradition and Passing on the Legacy

Despite the passing of time, Il-Ġostra has managed to survive and thrive, thanks to the dedication of the Maltese people in preserving their cultural heritage. Every year, various festivals and events are held across the islands of Malta and Gozo, showcasing this traditional sport to both locals and tourists.

Efforts have also been made to teach Il-Ġostra to the younger generation, ensuring that the sport carries on for years to come. Local schools and organizations offer training programs where children and teenagers can learn the art of horsemanship and the techniques involved in Il-Ġostra. This helps instill a sense of pride and identity in the young Maltese minds, connecting them to their rich cultural roots.

The Cultural Significance of Il-Ġostra

Il-Ġostra holds immense cultural significance in Malta. It represents the resilience and determination of the Maltese people, who have faced countless challenges throughout history. The sport is a celebration of bravery, chivalry, and sportsmanship, qualities deeply valued by the Maltese society.

Furthermore, Il-Ġostra serves as a way to unite the entire community. The festivals surrounding the sport bring people of all ages and backgrounds together, fostering a spirit of camaraderie and solidarity. It provides an opportunity for families and friends to gather, enjoy the festivities, and support their local teams.


The national sport of Malta, Il-Ġostra, is not just a mere game but a living testament to the history, values, and cultural heritage of the Maltese people. It showcases their love for tradition, their determination to preserve their roots, and their passion for sports.

As you visit the picturesque islands of Malta, make sure to immerse yourself in the vibrant atmosphere of Il-Ġostra. Witness the thundering hooves, the clash of lances, and the cheers of the crowd. Experience firsthand the spirit of Malta and gain a deeper understanding of this captivating national sport.

Read also

The National Sport of the Faroe Islands
The National Sport of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius And Saba
The National Sport of Montenegro - A Rich Heritage
The National Sport of Swaziland - A Fascinating Journey
The National Sport of San Marino - An Insight into This Historic Tradition
The Fascinating National Sport of Reunion