The National Sport of Estonia: Kiiking

August 25, 2023

Estonia, a small Baltic nation known for its rich cultural heritage and breathtaking landscapes, is also the proud home of a unique and thrilling national sport – Kiiking. This exciting sport combines elements of traditional swinging and extreme acrobatics, captivating both locals and visitors alike.

Origins of Kiiking

Kiiking originated in Estonia in the late 1990s as a variation of traditional swinging. The sport was invented by Ado Kosk, who wanted to take swinging to a whole new level. He introduced longer swing sets with special attachments for the players to perform acrobatic tricks while swinging.

How Kiiking is Played

Unlike conventional swings found in playgrounds, Kiiking swings are much taller and sturdier. The swing set consists of an A-frame structure with two long, interconnected steel poles. The players secure themselves to the swing with a belt, and the objective is to swing as high as possible without flipping over the crossbar.

As the swing gains height, the player must use their body weight, momentum, and skill to perform various acrobatic maneuvers, such as flips and twists. The longer the swing, the more challenging it becomes to maintain control and balance.

The Unique Challenge of Kiiking

Kiiking requires not only physical strength but also mental focus and agility. Players must overcome their fear of heights and trust their ability to maintain control while swinging at considerable heights. The sport combines elements of adrenaline, precision, and artistry, making it an incredibly appealing and unique experience.

Popularity and Competitions

In recent years, Kiiking has gained popularity both in Estonia and internationally. The sport has its own federation, the Estonian Kiiking Federation, which organizes competitions, sets rules, and promotes the sport. The Estonian Kiiking Championship is held annually, attracting participants from around the world.

During the championship, competitors are divided into different categories based on age and gender. Each participant gets multiple attempts to swing as high as possible while performing various stunts. The person who swings the highest without flipping over the crossbar is crowned the champion.

Benefits and Impact

Engaging in Kiiking provides numerous physical and mental benefits. It builds strength in the core, legs, and upper body, while also improving coordination, balance, and flexibility. The sport promotes daring and conquering fears, fostering a sense of accomplishment and self-confidence.

Kiiking has also had a positive impact on tourism in Estonia. Tourists from across the globe travel to experience the rush and excitement of this unique sport. The growth in interest and participation has further stimulated the development of Kiiking-related facilities, such as dedicated arenas and professional training centers.


Kiiking, the national sport of Estonia, is a thrilling activity that combines the joy of swinging with the excitement of acrobatics. Originating in Estonia, it has quickly gained popularity and captivated the hearts of participants and spectators alike. With its unique challenges and numerous benefits, Kiiking stands as a symbol of Estonia's adventurous and innovative spirit. Whether you're a seasoned athlete or an adventure seeker, Kiiking offers an unforgettable and exhilarating experience that truly embodies the essence of Estonia.

Read also

The National Sport of Turkmenistan
The National Sport of Tunisia: A Rich Heritage
The National Sport of the United States
The National Sport of Seychelles: Nutrifoot
The National Sport of Saudi Arabia
The National Sport of the United States Minor Outlying Islands